Ukuqala kwebhizinisi emkhakheni wokuklama: izingqondo zokudala ziqala amabhizinisi azo


Zimbalwa izinkampani namuhla ezisaqasha umklami ukuthi anakekele amaphrojekthi azayo. Ubandakanya ama-freelancers ngomsebenzi, iphrojekthi, isabelo. Ngenxa yalokho, abaklami abaningi ngokwengeziwe bazizwa becindezelwa ukuba bazisungulele awabo amabhizinisi. Abaningi baqala kusenesikhathi ngokuzisebenza isikhathi esithile, ngokuvamile phakathi nezifundo zabo. Abanye baqale benze i-apprenticeship futhi baqedele i-internship eyodwa noma ngaphezulu ngaphambi kokuqala amabhizinisi abo. Kwabaningi, ukuzisebenza kunzima kakhulu ekuqaleni, kodwa ngokuhamba kwesikhathi kukwenza ujabule. Abaklami abaqashiwe banesikhathi esiningi samahhala, amaholide amaningi futhi abanelisekile ngezimpilo zabo zokusebenza kunozakwabo abazisebenzayo. Umdwebo kaNobhala, i-Clipart, i-Graphic, i-Comic, i-Cartoon

Konke ukuqala kunzima

Abaklami abaningi baphila izindinganiso zabo zekhwalithi, baphilela ubuciko babo kanye nenkululeko yabo. Lokhu kungaba yinkinga kalula uma beqala ibhizinisi, ngoba abacabangi kakhulu ngezindaba zamabhizinisi, okubalulekile nokho. Abakwazi, noma ngokungenele kuphela, ukuphendula imibuzo mayelana nezingxoxo zamanani noma ukuma kwemakethe. Lokho kuzoba kuhle, impendulo evame kakhulu, eza nesikhathi. Nokho, kubalulekile ukuphendula le mibuzo ngokuqondile ukuze uqale ibhizinisi lakho ngempumelelo.

Isiqalo esisheshayo sabaklami

Esigabeni sangaphambi kwesisekelo, umklami uqala ngokudala uhlelo lwebhizinisi. Kuyo wenza izibalo ezinemininingwane ngezindleko zakhe. Iningi labo lithola ukuthi ukuqala ibhizinisi kuhilela izingozi ezithile zezimali. Ukuze usule lesi sithiyo, kubalulekile ukwazi ukuthi yiziphi izinketho ezikhona zokuthola imali yokuqalisa nokuthola izimali ezanele zoketshezi. Kuyinselele ukuthola uhlobo lwezimali olufanele kangcono imodeli yebhizinisi kanye nesigaba sokuqala.

Isigaba sembewu

Esigabeni sangaphambi kwesisekelo, kugxilwe ekuthuthukisweni kwemodeli yebhizinisi. Umklami uthuthukisa umqondo wenkampani emakethe lapho esebenza khona ngokucacile izici zakhe ezikhethekile, indawo yakhe yokuthengisa eyingqayizivele. Kukhona abaklami abaningi emakethe ukuthi ukukhetha kungokwakho. Uma wazi kahle ukuthi amandla akho akuphi, ungathola amaphuzu ngamakhasimende angaba khona. Esigabeni sangaphambi kwesisekelo, kunengqondo ukufuna iseluleko. Izingqondo zokuqamba ikakhulukazi zivame ukuntula umqondo wokucabanga kwezamabhizinisi.

Isigaba sokuqala

Isigaba sokuqala simayelana nokusungulwa okuphathekayo, siphetha ngomqondo webhizinisi osebenzayo. Isisekelo esisemthethweni silindile. Kugxilwe ekutholeni amakhasimende kanye nokuhlelwa kwezimali esikhathini esizayo esiseduze. Imali yesikweletu ingagcwalisa izimali ezingekho, kunezinketho ezimbalwa ezitholakalayo. Okunye okungenzeka ukuthi uthathe imali mboleko yesitolimende, eminye imininingwane ingatholakala lapha. Okunye okungenzeka wukufuna ingelosi yebhizinisi noma ukucinga izinhlelo ezifanele zokusekela.

Sebenzisa izinhlelo zokuxhasa ngemali

I-clipart yasebhange mahhala Kunezinhlobonhlobo zezinhlelo zoxhaso ongakhetha kuzo ukusekela abaqalayo. Kukhona izibonelelo, imalimboleko, ukulingana noma iziqinisekiso. Ezweni lonke, i-KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau) iyindawo yokuxhumana ukuze kwabiwe uxhaso. I-Chamber of Industry and Commerce kanye nenkundla yochwepheshe yoMnyango Wezindaba Zomnotho Nezamandla ayatholakala ukuze aphendule imibuzo mayelana nezinhlelo ezihlukahlukene zokuxhasa ngemali. Basiza ekulungiseleleni izingxoxo zasebhange futhi bachaze izindlela ezihlukahlukene zokuthola imali. Imininingwane yokuxhumana efanele iyatholakala lapha.

Amathiphu abaklami abasungula

umqondo webhizinisi

Imboni yokuklama inokuncintisana kakhulu. Ukuze uphile kuleli bhizinisi, kuyadingeka ukugqama esixukwini ngomqondo wakho. Iliphi inani elengeziwe umklami analo ngekhasimende? Umklami ugqama kanjani emqhudelwaneni? Ngesikhathi esifanayo, kubalulekile ukubheka esikhathini esizayo, yiziphi intuthuko ezingalindeleka, yiziphi izitayela ezingase zihlonzwe nokuthi imboni izothuthuka kuphi eminyakeni embalwa ezayo.

bala izindleko

Umsunguli webhizinisi nguyena yedwa onesibopho sezimali kanye nemali engenayo. Kakade phakathi nesigaba sokuqala kunezindleko, njengekhompuyutha, isofthiwe, ukumaketha, amakhadi ebhizinisi, ukuba khona kwe-inthanethi kanye nokuqalisa ngokwakho.

Usizo lochwepheshe

Ukuqala ibhizinisi akulula kuwo wonke umuntu. Abantu abanobuhlakani ikakhulukazi abaqapheli ukuthi kungaba nzima kangakanani. Ikakhulukazi intela, i-accounting, ukuphatha kanye nezezimali. Njengoba izingibe eziningi zingase zicashe lapha, abaklami abazimele kufanele bafune umxhumanisi wentela kusenesikhathi futhi bathole ulwazi olubanzi mayelana nezihloko ezizayo.

setha inani lehora

Abaningi abazimele bakuthola kunzima ukusetha inani lehora lomsebenzi wabo. Ingxenye enkulu yamaphesenti angaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-50 ifuna inani lehora lama-euro angama-30 kuye kwangama-50 ngomsebenzi wabo. Kukhona futhi abaklami abakhokhisa kancane kakhulu: cishe amaphesenti amabili abaklami basebenzela ngaphansi kwama-euro ayi-15. Cishe amaphesenti angu-15 abaklami bafuna inani lehora lama-euro angu-30 kuya kwangu-12. Nokho, lokhu akwanele ukukhokha zonke izindleko umuntu ozisebenzelayo okufanele azithwale. Lokhu kufaka phakathi umshwalense wezempilo, ukuhlinzekwa komhlalaphansi noma umshwalense wezingozi ezizimele. Cishe amaphesenti angu-20 abaklami ahola ama-euro angu-70 nangaphezulu.

Kuvela ngokomsebenzi nangokuzimisela - ukwakheka kwebhizinisi

Ngokushesha nje lapho umklami eqala ibhizinisi lakhe, sekuyisikhathi sokuzisebenzela ngesithombe sakhe. Ngesikhathi sokusungulwa lokhu kuvame ukuwela eceleni kwendlela futhi akubhekwa njengokubalulekile. Leli iphutha elikhulu, ikakhulukazi kubasunguli emkhakheni wokuklama. Umklami uzikhangisa nge-corporate design yakhe (CD). Yinto yokuqala ebonwa yikhasimende. Abaqambi kufanele bazenzele ezabo Logos kanye neCD yakho ngokucophelela. Ubunikazi benkampani bunqunywa ngaphandle ngezinto ezibonakalayo. Banikeza ulwazi mayelana nomklami njengomuntu, ukuthi umeleni nokuthi yini ngempela eyenziwa yilo mklami. Ilogo yakho, ifonti ekhethekile nemibala iyisiqalo somklamo wakho webhizinisi. Ukukhangisa, izimpawu zeminyango, imibhalo yebhizinisi, izimoto, amawebhusayithi kanye nenkundla yezokuxhumana kuzolandela esikhathini esizayo.


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